One of the reasons for dyslexia is a family history of learning difficulties. Other causes can also include premature birth, exposure to alcohol, or infection during pregnancy any of which may lead to an alteration in brain development.
There is no cure for dyslexia/ dyscalculia as it cannot go away. However, a person with a learning difficulty can learn to work with it. Appropriate learning/teaching strategies have helped people with dyslexia and dyscalculia to improve their reading and writing abilities.
Fortunately, with the correct teaching strategies combined with appropriate learning strategies, people with dyslexia can learn to read as well as write.
People with learning difficulties do not have limited career options and can take up any academic course/ career that they wish to pursue. Today, adequate help, accommodation for LD students in schools/colleges, and awareness about the same have made it less stressful for such individuals.
There is no such connection between dyslexia and having a low Intelligence Quotient. Children having dyslexia mostly possess average to above-average intelligence. They are found to be gifted in one or more areas as well as are often “out of the box” thinkers.
It is not possible to identify an exact cause for autism. However, some of the causes include heredity, genetic syndromes such as Fragile X Syndrome, exposure to environmental toxins as well as low birth weight.
There is no cure for autism spectrum disorder. However, early intervention can often be helpful as it aids the child to learn not only social and communication skills but also behavioral skills.
Yes, even though some autistic people may not make eye contact or learn to speak, they can lead a normal life by teaching them certain behavioral skills.
ADHD is caused by an interaction of genetic and environmental factors. It tends to run in families however there may be exceptional cases.
ADHD symptoms become clearer when the child is in preschool. Between 4 to 16 years of age, if the child shows consistent behavior which indicates impulsivity, hyperactivity, and lack of attention, it is important to talk to your family doctor.
There is no relationship between a low IQ and having ADHD.
Recent research shows that boys and girls are equally affected.