Dyslexia is a language-based learning disability. Dyslexia refers to a cluster of symptoms, that result in people having difficulties with specific language skills, particularly reading. Students with dyslexia often experience difficulties with both oral and written other language skills, such as writing, and pronouncing words and writing. Dyslexia affects individuals throughout their lives; however, its impact can change at different stages in a person’s life. It is referred to as a learning disability because dyslexia can make it very difficult for a student to succeed without phonics-based reading instruction that is unavailable in most public schools.. In its more severe forms, a student with dyslexia may qualify for special education with specially designed instruction, and as appropriate, accommodations.
Read more about the causes of dyslexia here >
The exact causes of dyslexia are still not completely clear, but anatomical and brain imagery studies show differences in the way the brain of a person with dyslexia develops and functions. Moreover, most people with dyslexia have been found to have difficulty with identifying the separate speech sounds within a word and/or learning how letters represent those sounds, a key factor in their reading difficulties. Dyslexia is not due to either lack of intelligence or desire to learn; with appropriate teaching methods, individuals with dyslexia can learn successfully.
Children having dyslexia mostly possess average to above average intelligence. They are found to be gifted in one or more areas. They are also found to be, ”out of the box” thinkers.
Recent research shows that boys and girls are equally affected.
Some dyslexic individuals may have behavioural concerns due to the struggle they face but NOT caused due to Dyslexia.
ADD is Attention Deficit Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactive disorder. This can be well treated with appropriate therapy.
In the past, it was thought that the earliest a learner could be identified for learning difficulties/ dyslexia was at six years of age but recent studies suggest that there are many signs evident at the age of 3.5 which may suggest that a child is prone to having difficulties. It is best to identify the signs early to have early intervention.